Amritsar (historically also known as Rāmdāspur) is a city in north-western India which is the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district - located in the Majha region of the Indian state of Punjab.
The city is situated 217 km (135 mi) northwest of state capital Chandigarh and 456 km (283 miles) northwest of Delhi, the national capital. It is near Pakistan, with the Wagah Border being only 28 km (17.4 mi) away.
Amritsar is home to the Harmandir Sahib (commonly known as the Golden Temple), the spiritual and cultural center for the Sikh religion.
It is surrounded by a large lake (or holy tank) which consists of Amrit ("holy water" or "immortal nectar") and is fed by the Ravi River.
This important Sikh shrine attracts more visitors than the Taj Mahal with more than 100,000 visitors on weekdays alone.
The city also houses the Akal Takht, the highest seat of earthly authority of the Khalsa, and the committee responsible for the upkeep of Gurdwaras.
Sikhs all around the world observe a special day as a mark of respect and to celebrate the birthday of the first Sikh guru Guru Nanak and this day is known as “Guru Nanak Jayanti” or “Gurpurab”.
It falls in the month of November and is celebrated mostly in Punjab and Haryana. At Golden Temple the day is marked with an impressive display of lights and fireworks.
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